In connection with the deaths of prominent intellectuals and writers Mohamamd Mokhtari and Mohammad Ja’far Pouyandeh, as well as prominent opposition figures Dariyush Foruhar and Parvaneh Foruhar, some 23 employees of the Ministry of Intelligence in Iran were arrested in 1999. The deaths were part of a series of extrajudicial killings that came to be known in Iran as the “Chain of Murders” which targeted intellectuals, writers, artists and dissidents between 1988 and 1998. The arrests took place after theMinistry of Intelligence announced that some of its officials were involved, and a special committee was established to investigate them. Several officials were arrested and prosecuted. They were sentenced to penalties ranging from imprisonment to execution. The circumstances surrounding the killings remain shrouded in secrecy and some high-ranking officials were never brought to justice.