Iran’s ongoing and relentless revolution has compelled all political factions both inside and outside the country to reveal their true nature.
Every fair note and article written or spoken about the protests and upheaval in the country share one common theme: they all attest that the people’s primary goal and slogan has become the rejection of any form of dictatorship.
The next common characteristic that is often discussed is the people’s primary target: Ali Khamenei, the regime’s supreme leader.
The convergence of these two factors indicates the only viable strategy for achieving a free Iran: putting an end to the era of hereditary dictatorships in the country.
The first phase of the uprising has demonstrated that the majority of Iranian society shares the belief that the Velayat al-Faqih system lacks political and social legitimacy and should be completely overthrown.
Once a society reaches this stage, rejecting all forms of tyranny and dictatorship should naturally become the primary benchmark for the nature of any political force. This principle will serve as a guideline for the evolution of the protests.
Political forces that ignore this guideline possess two characteristics. First, they have not played a significant role or paid a price in the development and advancement of the protests. Second, they are seeking personal gain.
Based on these characteristics, we can divide political forces into four distinct groups. The first is the regime, which is attempting to suppress the protests at any cost.
The second group consists of those pursuing a civil and peaceful transition from the Islamic Republic by preserving certain elements and institutions and making minor adjustments to the constitution.
This category includes reformists, along with the regime’s supporters such as NIAC, as well as followers of the overthrown Pahlavi dynasty. The third group comprises individuals who are waiting for the regime to collapse.
Lastly, the fourth group seeks the overthrow of the regime and the complete dismantlement of all repressive organizations, from the police force to the intelligence service, including the Revolutionary Guards (IRGC) and its paramilitary force, the Basij, without any exceptions.
This group draws on the 120-year history of the people’s struggle for a free and independent Iran, rejecting both monarchy and theocracy.
What sets apart the other three groups, apart from the regime, is their proposed solutions for achieving freedom, democracy, equality, and independence in Iran, as well as their ability to guarantee these four demands and provide a comprehensive plan to implement them. These four demands have been central to all of Iran’s liberation movements for the past 120 years.
In light of the nature of these groups, it is essential to ask about the legitimacy of each of them and how they acquired it. The ongoing protests by the people have highlighted the illegitimacy of the mullahs’ regime. The so-called reformists, as the second group, have always been a part of the regime’s body. They only exist to prolong the regime’s existence and have ignored all its crimes and human rights violations.
NIAC and the remaining supporters of the Pahlavi dynasty have, according to their own statements, and some of their peers always wanted to align with Mohammad Khatami, the head of the regime’s reformists.
The fundamental question is whether these groups have paid the price to overthrow the regime, and where are the historical proofs of their actions. Does such a force have the legitimacy to represent the uprising that is echoing the slogan ‘death to the dictator’ and negating the legitimacy of the mullahs’ rule?
As for the third group, who hope for the regime’s collapse, it must be said that such an outcome is unlikely to occur as long as the IRGC exists. The idea of regime collapse is more of an illusion than a reality.
The fourth group dates back to the beginning of the 1900s, fighting against two dictatorships – the Shah and the Sheikh.
For over a century, they have paid the price wholeheartedly for a free and democratic Iran. Revolutions in human history have shown that this is the only right way to overthrow a dictatorship.
Despite all the seditions and barriers on their path, they will be able to succeed if they continue to insist on their path and decisions.
This is the only true way that can give someone legitimacy and achieve the people’s trust. However, we leave the judgment to the reader.