By INU Staff
INU- The war in Yemen between the Iran-backed Houthis and the US-backed Saudi-led Arab alliance to reinstate the internationally recognised government of President Abd Rabbo Mansour Hadi had been raging for four years now and there is no end in sight for the conflict, which has given rise to what the UN dubbed the world’s worst humanitarian crisis.
But why is this? Well, many analysts say that it’s because the world has failed to put enough pressure on the Iranian Regime to withdraw its support for the Houthis.
Adnan Mansour, a Yemeni political expert living in Cairo, said: “The Iranian regime continues to provide all types of weapons to Al Houthis in order to keep fighting against legitimacy troops and ensure that Tehran’s mullahs will have a strong foothold in Yemen.”
He said that the war would continue, with millions of Yemenis continuing to suffer, until the world is clear that Iran is the puppet master of these horrific crimes.
Mansour explained: “Iran is determined to expand its influence in the Arab region and extend it to Yemen after Syria and Lebanon through its proxies.”
This is something that Arab nations have long complained about, as well as Iran’s exacerbation of sectarian strife in the Middle East.
While the coalition has won back large swathes of territory, the main population centres remain under Houthi control, which means that they are effectively under Iran’s control. This includes Hodeida port – the main entry point for goods and aid – where a major battle took place last year. The Yemeni forces pulled back because of humanitarian concerns over the impact of the battle.
The problem is that the Houthis are using the port to smuggle in weapons from Iran to sustain their military efforts- they’ve even threatened to attack Saudi Arabia if the Yemeni government forces try to liberate Hodeida - and refuse to withdraw from the area despite stipulations they agreed to in a ceasefire deal.
Mansour said: “Iran has a hand in aborting the implementation of the Hodeida agreement…The UN failure to put enough pressure on Al Houthi militias and their Iranian patrons harms the credibility of the international organization and the agreements, which it meditates. What is the use of peace agreements if they are not implemented?”
It is clear that the Houthis are not serious about peace talks, mainly because Iran is saying no and Iran controls the purse strings.
Hassan Abu Taleb, an expert at the Cairo-based Al Ahram Centre for Political and Strategic Studies, said: “Al Houthis have wasted several chances to peacefully settle the crisis, a matter that confirms they pursue a project, which they will not renounce. The international community and the [UN] Security Council appear to have no clear vision about how to deal with Al Houthi movement.”