The approximately 300,000 person Argentine Jewish community is the largest in Latin America and sixth largest in the world. The government officials have long held the Iranian regime responsible for directing the bombing and the Hezbollah militia for carrying it out, 

In 2011, the Argentinian government welcomed the Iranian regime’s announcement that it would cooperate with the investigation of this terrorist attack. But in that same year the Argentine federal judge in charge of the case urged Iran to follow through on this commitment by actually arresting the Iranian AMIA bombing suspects and handing them over to Buenos Aires, instead of just issuing empty statements.

Last year, soon after Hassan Rouhani‘s victory in the presidential election, the Washington Times reported that Rouhani had been a member of the Iranian government‘s special team involved in the Buenos Aires Jewish center bombing. Quoting an Iranian security official who fled Iran in 1990, the newspaper added that at the time of the explosion, Hassan Rouhani had been active as a member of the committee on terror as well as the Secretary of Iran’s National Security Council.

Hashemi Rafsanjani, the Iranian regime’s president at the time, and his minister of intelligence Ali Falahian and foreign affairs minister Ali Akbar Velayati, as well as Mohsen Rezaei, former commander of the Iranian Revolutionary Guards (IRGC), and Ahmad Vahidi, former commander of the terrorist Qods Force, along with several officials of the Iranian regime embassy in Buenos Aires have been implicated in the bombing over the years.