There is no doubt that Khuzestan province alone is the richest province in Iran in terms of natural resources. But in terms of indicators of misery, it can be said that Khuzestan ranks at the top of the country’s provinces.
A province with many miseries created by the regime. One day the people must experience power cuts. The other day they must experience devastating floods. Another day they must experience drought in a region which is one of the most watered regions in Iran. Another day they must experience darken sky caused by dust and sandstorms caused by the destruction of wetlands and finally, they must experience the overflow of the municipal sewage system to the streets of their cities.
Of course, the poverty and misery of Khuzestan do not end here. On a sea of oil and next to the rivers that were once the wettest in the country, these days the people of the cities of Khuzestan are experiencing another misery due to the lack of drinking water and lack of access to safe water.
But the poverty and misery of Khuzestan are not only related to environmental issues. The government has done everything possible to discriminate against the citizens in this province.
Khuzestan province is the 18th province in terms of social capital, which a low result is because of the double discrimination by the government, lack of care for the affairs of the province, lack of social freedoms, and lack of close ties with the capital.
According to some reports, 75% of the citizens of Khuzestan believe that the government discriminates against this province.
71% of Khuzestan Arabs believe that they are living in poverty and another 81% believe that unemployment is higher among them than in other provinces. Khuzestan province currently has the highest unemployment rate among the 31 provinces of the country.
In terms of employment, Khuzestan province has the last employment rank in terms of population among the provinces of the country.
The combination of these discriminatory factors along with recent droughts, poverty, extreme heat, the presence of respiratory pollution caused by fine dust and pollutants of industrial plants, unemployment, and inefficient management has made Khuzestan province with about 200,000 migrants rank first in the country in the past few years.
In terms of education, Khuzestan province has the worst rank in the country. This province ranks first for children who have dropped out of school in the country.
Government statistics show that there are 11,000 school dropouts in the province. Different mother tongues and not studying in it, which is obvious discrimination, are the reasons for children not attending school in this province.
Khuzestan also ranks third in the country in terms of illiteracy and this province is facing a shortage of more than 14,000 teachers.
Khuzestan ranks second in the country in terms of marginalization with a 400,000 marginalized population. Of the total area of the province, about 6,000 hectares, equivalent to 13% of this province, is considered urban blight.
Khuzestan is the second province in terms of social harms and in terms of the total number of lawsuits in proportion to the population of the province, which the main reason for this situation is poverty and other social problems in the province.
Khuzestan is not in a good position in terms of women’s employment, which is one of the indicators of development in modern societies. This province is ranked 24th among 31 provinces of the country.
In the field of municipal wastewater, about 35% of the cities in the province do not have environmental permits for municipal wastewater disposal.
This means a catastrophe in the urban environment. Evidence in recent years shows that with every rain, even a small amount, sewage flows into the streets and houses of people in Khuzestan.
In recent decades, illegal dams, drying marshes, and wetlands for oil extraction have turned one million hectares of land in Khuzestan province into deserts, which plays a major role in creating dust storms that endanger the health of the province’s citizens.
Currently, in this province, three critical centers for creating dust have been created in the cities of Ahvaz, Mahshahr, and Hendijan.
Air pollution is another problem in Khuzestan province. In Khuzestan, 11 million tons of carbon dioxide are produced from industrial activities and 38 million tons from the energy sector, which together becomes 49 million tons of air pollutants or 5.7% of total greenhouse gas emissions of the country are produced in this province.