The poverty line in Iran has passed the 11 million tomans borders, and the poor strata of the society are being crushed under the burden of poverty.
And now most of Iranian society is even not near the 11 million tomans border and are far distant below it. As they fall into a hole without any end. Having a bit of luck at the price will explain everything. From the price of one 30-egg tray which is now 50,000 tomans to the price of one kilo of yogurt which is now 45,000 tomans, to a small cacao milk drink which has reached 17,000 tomans, and finally to the price of bread which has reached 3,000 tomans for one piece.
So, with an income of 4.2 million tomans is a living imaginable, even if we do not include the costs of housing. How should a worker or a retired one live in such a situation?
For a 65 square meter, a worker must pay 70 million tomans in advance and 3 million tomans each month a rent. And this price is increased in some places like west Tehran even to 70 million tomans in advance and 5 million tomans of rent monthly.
Is it even imaginable that in the most optimistic situation with an income of 3.4 million tomans and a small income increase of 200,000 tomans that a worker will be able to have a roof over their head?
This event is leading to the expansion of the city’s margins, and of course nonstandard and dangerous housings. Which is increasing social crises and criminality in parallel. The increasing inflation is destroying the lives of many people and is demolishing many families too. Divorce children and the increasing hopelessness and discontent about lives are just some of the social crises.
On the other hand, many children, when they find themselves deprived of the most basic facilities in society, are looking for a solution to fill this class gap, and this is where many social misdemeanors are sparked. Poverty originates from many misdemeanors and anomalies and that is, many sociologists believe that poverty can cause more than 90 percent of social harm.
Now it has passed nearly two years from the spread of the coronavirus, rising inflation and lack of amenities have made this bitterness and pain more evident than ever before.
Poverty is becoming serious in Iran, as the number of poor Iranians doubled in the 2000s, and this event has been achieved by the evaporation of the middle class. In the past 10 years, 8 million Iranians have slipped from the middle class to the lower class, and 4 million fell below the poverty line.
This June, Roozbeh Kordoni, head of the Supreme Institute for Social Security Research, announced the number of poor in Iran at 25 million. The number of people living below the absolute poverty line in Iran has doubled been doubled in the past two years (between 2017 and 2019) compared to previous years.
The expansion of the poor class and the fall of the middle class in Iran has become so tangible that officials also speak of it. This May, Faryal Mostofi, chairman of the Money and Capital Commission of the Tehran Chamber of Commerce, spoke of the rise of poverty and the devouring of the middle class by the poorer class of society.
Zahra Abdollahi, Director General of nutrition improvement office of Iran’s Ministry of Health, spoke about another danger of poverty and said:
“Rising food prices are increasing the risk of food insecurity in the country, especially in low-income deciles. Currently, there is concern that, given the above-mentioned cases, i.e., drought and economic conditions, conditions in low-income provinces will worsen and food insecurity will increase.”
This is something that has increased malnutrition in Iran especially among children and young people and which explains why the death rate of the coronavirus in Iran is so high and contrary to other countries Iran is jumping from one peak to another, faster than any other country.