The resolution expresses, “serious concern at the alarmingly high frequency of the imposition and carrying-out of the death penalty by the (Iranian regime)… including executions undertaken for crimes that do not qualify as the most serious crimes, on the basis of forced confessions or against minors and persons who at the time of their offence were under the age of 18…”

This is the 63rd UN resolution censuring human rights abuses in Iran. The resolution received higher favorable votes compared to the General Assembly’s resolution last year, with nine more countries voting in favor of it.

The Third Committee’s resolution calls on the Iranian regime “to abolish, in law and in practice, public executions,” and demanded the regime “to ensure, in law and in practice, that no one is subjected to torture or other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, which may include sexual violence, and punishments that are grossly disproportionate to the nature of the offence…”

Further, it urged Tehran “to cease enforced disappearances” and “address the poor conditions of prisons, to eliminate the denial of access to adequate medical treatment and the consequent risk of death faced by prisoners.”

It continued, persuading Iran “to end widespread and serious restrictions, in law and in practice, on the right to freedom of expression, opinion, association and peaceful assembly, both online and offline, including by ending the harassment, intimidation and persecution of political opponents, human rights defenders, women’s and minority rights activists…”

The resolution also called on the regime “to release persons arbitrarily detained for the legitimate exercise of these rights, to consider rescinding unduly harsh sentences, including the death penalty and long-term internal exile, for exercising such fundamental freedoms” and “to eliminate, in law and in practice, all forms of discrimination and other human rights violations against women and girls,” as well as against “persons belonging to ethnic, linguistic or other minorities.”

President-elect of the Iranian Resistance, Maryam Rajavi, welcomed the UNGA Third Committee’s adoption of the resolution on human rights in Iran. She said, “The time has come for the international community to end the barbaric and systematic violations of human rights in Iran, particularly the mass executions, and undertake practical and effective measures. Inaction vis-à-vis a regime that has 120,000 political executions on its record –including the massacre of 30,000 political prisoners in 1988– is a flagrant violation of the values and principles the United Nations Organization has been founded on.”

Pointing out that the Third Committee resolution’s call on the Iranian regime “to launch a comprehensive accountability process in response to all cases of serious human rights violations, including those involving the Iranian judiciary and security agencies, and to end impunity for such violations,” Mrs. Rajavi said, “Since the Iranian regime’s leaders, high ranking officials and incumbent judiciary officials are the main masterminds and perpetrators of human rights violations in Iran, the United Nations needs to launch an independent investigation committee to probe the regime’s anti-human crimes and bring justice to those who ordered and carried out such crimes, particularly in the case of the 1988 massacre which is a true example of crime against humanity.”  

On November 15, Fox News also reported on the resolution, saying that the U.N. committee has urged Iran to cease enforced disappearances as well as the widespread use of arbitrary detention. Serious concern was also expressed about severe limitations on freedom of thought, conscience, and religious belief.

The measure was approved by the General Assembly’s human rights committee on Tuesday by a vote of 85 in favor, 35 against, and 63 countries abstaining. 

The measure addressed discrimination against women and ethnic minorities, and welcomed pledges by Iran’s president to eliminate them, and to grant greater space for freedom of expression.  It also expressed concern over the “alarmingly high frequency” of the death penalty, and urged Iran to eliminate laws and practices that constitute human rights violations against women and girls.